The Commonfig (Ficus carica) is a large, deciduous shrub or small tree native tosouthwest Asia and the Mediterranean region (from Afghanistan to Portugal). TheCommon Fig is widely known for its edible fruit throughout its natural range inthe Mediterranean and Middle Eastern region, Iran, Pakistan, northern India,and also in other areas of the world with a similar climate 

The ediblefig is one of the first plants that was cultivated by humans. Nine sub fossilfigs of a parthenocarpic type dating to about 9400–9200 BC were found in theearly Neolithic village Gilgal I, in the Jordan Valley, 13 km north ofJericho 

Figs can beeaten fresh or dried, and used in jam-making. Most commercial production is indried or otherwise processed forms, since the ripe fruit does not transportwell, and once picked does not keep well

Figs areone of the highest plant sources of calcium and fiber. Dried figs are richestin fiber, copper, manganese, magnesium, potassium, calcium, and vitamin K,relative to human needs. They have smaller amounts of many other nutrients

FAO reportsIran to be the second top fig-producer country

The pictures of Figs